Sick and low birth weight newborns are highly vulnerable and require careful nurturing in order to survive the neonatal period and first year of life. Evidence shows that improved communication and involvement of parents in their baby’s care can reduce the length of stay and need for re-hospitalisation of newborns in the neonatal unit.
The NIPI Newborn Project, with support from RML-PGIMER, has implemented Family Centred Care (FCC) innovation in five district hospitals in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Rajasthan. FCC provides a setting wherein the family is empowered for newborn rearing practices. FCC creates a developmentally supportive environment for the sick baby and is responsive to the family needs. No additional human resources are required as the innovation can be implemented by the currently employed nurses and doctors.
FCC represents a paradigm shift in the newborn care continuum by moving from a predominantly provider-centric to a shared model of care, where parents and providers work in tandem to ensure the well-being and survival of the most vulnerable newborns. FCC builds upon Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) and optimal feeding for low birth weight babies. FCC is designed in a way that it aligns with the India Newborn Action Plan 2014.
- Tools: Operational guidelines, FCC training package and audio-visual teaching aids for parents-attendants have been developed
- Infrastructure: Required gap support in infrastructure has been provided
- Capacity Building: Training of trainers, followed by training of all doctors and nurses positioned at the five SNCUs have been accomplished
- Data monitoring system has been set up to track progress
- Implementation results:
- FCC implementation initiated in five district hospitals (Raisen, Hoshangabad, Alwar, Nalanda, Jharsaguda)
- 2,209 (61.7%) mothers/parents received FCC sessions till March 2016
- Initial assessment shows that breastfeeding and KMC rates have improved
Rajasthan – Alwar FCC News in Bhaskar Paper – Click Here